Enlarge / Oregon’s repair law prohibits companies from implementing software locks that prohibit the installation of aftermarket or used parts on their devices.

Oregon Governor Tina Kotek today signed the state’s Right to Repair Act, which will push manufacturers to provide more repair options for their products than any other state to date.

The law, like those passed in New York, California and Minnesota, will require many manufacturers to provide the same parts, tools and documentation to private individuals and repair shops as they do to their own repair crews.

But Oregon’s bill goes further, preventing companies from implementing systems that require components to be verified through coded software controls before they can function. Oregon’s bill, SB 1596, known as part linking or serialization, is the first in the country to target the practice. Oregon State Senator Janeen Sollman (D) and Representative Courtney Neron (D) sponsored and pushed the bill through the Senate and Legislature.

“By lifting manufacturers’ restrictions, the Right to Repair will make it easier for Oregonians to keep their personal electronics running,” said Charlie Fisher, director of Oregon’s chapter of the Public Interest Research Group (PIRG), in a statement . precious natural resources and avoid waste. It is a refreshing alternative to a ‘disposable system’ where everything is considered disposable.”

Oregon law is not stronger in every respect. First, there is no set number of years for a manufacturer to support a device with repair support. Linking parts is only prohibited on devices sold in 2025 and later. And there are exceptions for certain types of electronics and appliances, including video game consoles, medical devices, HVAC systems, motor vehicles and – as in other states – “electric toothbrushes.”

Apple opposed Oregon’s repair law because of its ban on linking parts. John Perry, a senior manager for secure design at Apple, testified at a February hearing in Oregon that the link restriction would “undermine the security, safety and privacy of Oregonians by forcing device manufacturers to use parts from unknown origin in consumer products.” devices.”

Apple surprised many observers with its support for California’s 2023 repair law, though it did so after urging repair shops to disclose when they use “non-original or used” components and to block repair shops from disabling security features. to change gear.

According to Consumer Reports, which lobbied and testified in support of Oregon’s bill, the repair laws passed in four states now cover nearly 70 million people.

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